Vietnam’s Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions

Recently, I went on a trip to Vietnam for the Vietnam Venture Summit 2023, and it was really amazing! The summit was an event where startup entrepreneurs from Vietnam got to meet with foreign investors and show off their cool tech ideas. The atmosphere was so exciting, just like how China used to be years ago when it was growing really fast. Vietnam has been getting a lot of attention from big companies like Samsung and Apple, and they’re investing a lot of money in the country. Vietnam has also been making smart decisions to make friends with both the United States and China, which has helped them become a tech hub in Southeast Asia. It seems like Vietnam’s rise is just beginning and there’s a lot of potential for them to become a really important player in the tech world.

Rising Demand for Tech in Vietnam

Vietnam has experienced a significant rise in its tech industry, positioning itself as a prominent tech hub in Southeast Asia. This growth has been fueled by various factors, including the ongoing tensions between the United States and China. As tensions escalate between the two superpowers, Vietnam is leveraging its strategic position to attract foreign investment and capitalize on the opportunities arising from the shift in global dynamics.

Growing tech industry in Vietnam

In recent years, Vietnam has witnessed a remarkable growth in its tech industry. The country has become a preferred manufacturing destination for multinational companies looking to diversify their supply chains and reduce their reliance on China. With its lower labor costs and robust infrastructure, Vietnam offers an attractive alternative for businesses seeking to mitigate the risks posed by geopolitical tensions. This influx of multinational companies has not only created job opportunities but has also contributed to the development of local talent and the growth of the tech ecosystem.

Role of U.S.-China tensions in Vietnam’s rise as a tech hub

The ongoing tensions between the United States and China have played a significant role in Vietnam’s emergence as a tech hub. As the trade dispute between these two economic powerhouses escalates, businesses are seeking alternative markets to avoid the disruption caused by tariffs and trade restrictions. Vietnam, with its favorable business environment and proximity to China, has become an ideal destination for companies looking to relocate their manufacturing facilities or establish new operations. This influx of foreign direct investment has not only boosted Vietnam’s economy but has also catalyzed the growth of its tech industry.

Government Initiatives and Policies

Vietnam’s government has implemented various initiatives and policies to support the growth of its tech industry and attract foreign investment. These efforts have been instrumental in creating an enabling environment for businesses to thrive and contribute to the country’s economic development.

Bamboo diplomacy as a strategy

Vietnam’s “bamboo diplomacy” strategy has been crucial in its success in navigating the tensions between the United States and China. This strategy emphasizes maintaining positive relations with both nations while refraining from taking sides in conflicts and avoiding military alliances. By adopting this approach, Vietnam has been able to upgrade its relations with the West while simultaneously preserving its economic ties with China. This diplomatic maneuvering has bolstered investor confidence and positioned Vietnam as a stable and attractive destination for foreign investment.

Investment in education and infrastructure

Recognizing the importance of human capital and infrastructure development, Vietnam’s government has made significant investments in education and infrastructure. By prioritizing education, the country aims to nurture a skilled workforce capable of meeting the demands of the tech industry. Additionally, infrastructure development has been a focal point, ensuring that the necessary physical and digital infrastructure is in place to support the growth of tech companies. These investments have not only created a conducive environment for business growth but have also fueled innovation and entrepreneurship.

Removal of barriers to foreign investment

To attract foreign investment, Vietnam has implemented policies to remove barriers and streamline the process for foreign companies. The government has negotiated free trade agreements with multiple countries, allowing businesses to tap into regional supply chains without incurring tariffs. Vietnam has also taken steps to improve its ease of doing business rankings, making it more attractive for companies seeking investment opportunities. These measures have significantly contributed to the influx of foreign direct investment and the rapid growth of the tech industry.

Vietnams Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions

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Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam

Vietnam has experienced a surge in foreign direct investment (FDI), with record-breaking numbers reported in 2023. This influx of investment has been facilitated by the country’s investor-friendly environment and its positioning as a viable alternative to China for multinational companies.

Record FDI in 2023

According to Investment Monitor, Vietnam has recorded a 54% increase in FDI, reaching $15.3 billion in the first ten months of 2023. This significant growth highlights the confidence that foreign investors have in Vietnam’s business climate and its potential for economic prosperity. As tensions between the United States and China continue to escalate, Vietnam has emerged as a favored destination for companies seeking to diversify their operations and reduce their exposure to geopolitical risks.

Comparison to China’s negative FDI

While Vietnam experiences a surge in FDI, China has reported negative FDI in the third quarter of 2023 for the first time since opening up its economy after the Covid-19 pandemic. This stark contrast further solidifies Vietnam’s position as an attractive investment destination, especially for companies looking to mitigate the risks associated with the U.S.-China tensions. Vietnam’s ability to capitalize on this shift in investment patterns highlights its resilience and adaptability in the face of global economic dynamics.

Multinational companies investing in Vietnam

Several multinational companies have recognized the potential of Vietnam as a tech hub and have made substantial investments in the country. Samsung, for instance, has employed 200,000 people in Vietnam and invested $17 billion in manufacturing facilities. Other notable companies, such as Foxconn Technology, Nvidia, Microsoft, Synopsys, and Marvell Technology, have also established or expanded their operations in Vietnam. This influx of multinational companies not only contributes to Vietnam’s economic growth but also provides valuable opportunities for knowledge transfer and skill development.

Challenges and Opportunities for Vietnam

As Vietnam’s tech industry continues to grow, there are both challenges and opportunities that the country must navigate. Overcoming these challenges and capitalizing on the opportunities will be crucial for sustaining the momentum and ensuring long-term success.

Immature financial markets

One of the significant challenges faced by Vietnam is the immaturity of its financial markets. The country’s stock exchanges are categorized as frontier markets, limiting access for global investors and hindering the growth of the domestic capital market. To address this challenge, Vietnam needs to lift restrictions on the percentage of foreign ownership, enabling it to upgrade to the emerging markets category and attract greater investment. A more developed and accessible capital market will provide Vietnamese companies with enhanced financing options and facilitate their expansion plans.

Lifting restrictions on foreign ownership

In line with the challenge posed by immature financial markets, Vietnam must also address restrictions on foreign ownership. Currently, there are limitations on the percentage of foreign ownership allowed in Vietnamese companies. By lifting these restrictions, Vietnam can attract greater foreign investment and foster stronger business partnerships. Allowing foreign investors to have a larger stake in Vietnamese companies will not only provide companies with access to capital but also encourage technology transfer and knowledge sharing.

Vietnamese companies launching IPOs overseas

To facilitate the growth of its tech industry and attract foreign investment, Vietnam must create an environment conducive to Vietnamese companies launching initial public offerings (IPOs) overseas. The recent successful IPO of VinFast on NASDAQ has demonstrated the potential for Vietnamese companies to access global capital markets. Encouraging more Vietnamese companies to seek overseas IPOs will not only provide them with the necessary capital for expansion but also raise the country’s profile as a global player in the tech industry.

Vietnams Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions

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Potential IPOs and High-Profile Exits

VinFast’s successful IPO on NASDAQ has paved the way for other Vietnamese companies considering overseas IPOs. This trend, if sustained, has the potential to fuel further investments and contribute to Vietnam’s economic growth.

VinFast’s successful IPO on NASDAQ

VinFast, Vietnam’s electric vehicle manufacturer, made headlines with its successful IPO on NASDAQ. Through a SPAC merger, VinFast was able to list on the global stage, attracting significant investor interest. This successful IPO has inspired other Vietnamese companies to explore similar avenues, capitalizing on the investor appetite for Southeast Asian tech companies.

Other companies considering overseas IPOs

Following in VinFast’s footsteps, other prominent Vietnamese companies are considering overseas IPOs to raise capital and expand their operations. Companies such as The CrownX, Vietnam’s largest retail company, and Momo, a popular Vietnamese payment app, have garnered attention from investors and are evaluating the possibility of overseas listings. The success of these IPOs will not only provide a significant boost to the companies involved but will also attract more investments and contribute to the growth of Vietnam’s tech industry.

Impact of high-profile exits on private investments

The success of high-profile exits, such as IPOs, can have a significant impact on private investments in Vietnam. As investors witness the success and liquidity generated by these exits, they are more likely to consider allocating their funds to Vietnamese startups and tech companies. This increased investor interest can create a positive cycle of investments, further fueling Vietnam’s economic rise and solidifying its position as a tech hub.

Vietnam’s Aspirations for Technological Advancement

Vietnam has set ambitious goals for technological advancement and aims to follow in the footsteps of Asian leaders in the tech industry. By leveraging the potential of its young entrepreneurs and fostering an environment conducive to innovation, Vietnam seeks to position itself as a technologically advanced and sustainable economy.

Goal for GDP growth and digital economy expansion

Vietnam’s legislature has set a target for GDP growth of 6% to 6.5% in 2024. To achieve this growth, the country recognizes the importance of developing its digital economy. With an expected annual growth rate of 20%, Vietnam’s digital economy is projected to reach $45 billion in 2025. This growth will be driven by fostering a vibrant startup ecosystem, investing in digital infrastructure, and nurturing a skilled workforce capable of driving technological innovation.

Learning from Asian leaders in technology

Vietnam looks to Asian leaders such as Korea and Singapore as role models for achieving technological advancement. By studying the success stories of these nations, Vietnam aims to learn from their experiences and replicate their strategies. These countries have demonstrated the transformative power of technology in driving economic growth and improving the lives of their citizens. Vietnam seeks to emulate their success by adopting best practices and leveraging its unique strengths.

Tapping into the potential of young entrepreneurs

Vietnam’s young entrepreneurs represent a valuable asset in the country’s aspirations for technological advancement. These entrepreneurs are driven, ambitious, and eager to make their mark on the global stage. Vietnam’s government recognizes the need to provide support, mentorship, and resources to these entrepreneurs, enabling them to turn their ideas into innovative businesses. By tapping into the potential of its young entrepreneurs, Vietnam can fuel its economic rise and create a vibrant tech ecosystem.

Vietnams Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions

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Infrastructure and Worker Training in Vietnam

Building robust infrastructure and investing in worker training are key factors in Vietnam’s ability to sustain its economic rise in the tech industry. These elements provide the foundation necessary for innovation, talent development, and long-term growth.

Importance of central planning in building infrastructure

Vietnam’s government plays a crucial role in the planning and development of infrastructure. By taking a central planning approach, the government can allocate resources efficiently and prioritize projects that contribute to the growth of the tech industry. Building essential physical and digital infrastructure, such as transportation networks, broadband connectivity, and data centers, creates an enabling environment for businesses to thrive and attract further investment.

The need for innovation and entrepreneurship

While central planning is essential for infrastructure development, fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship is equally crucial for Vietnam’s long-term success. Vietnam’s government recognizes that innovation cannot be solely driven by top-down initiatives; it requires the collaboration and creativity of individuals and startups. By promoting a supportive ecosystem that encourages risk-taking, rewards innovation, and provides access to capital, Vietnam can nurture a generation of entrepreneurs who will drive the tech industry forward.

Abundant talent pool in Vietnam

Vietnam boasts a large pool of talent that is well-versed in technology and eager to contribute to the country’s economic growth. Investments in education and skill development have resulted in a skilled workforce capable of meeting the demands of the tech industry. Vietnam’s universities and technical schools are producing graduates with expertise in areas such as artificial intelligence, fintech, and renewable energy. By harnessing the potential of this abundant talent pool, Vietnam can position itself as a leader in tech innovation and attract further investment.

The Role of Venture Summits in Vietnam

Venture summits play a vital role in connecting startups with venture capital firms, fostering collaboration, and creating a positive and optimistic atmosphere within the local tech ecosystem.

Overview of Vietnam Venture Summit 2023

The Vietnam Venture Summit 2023, organized by the Ministry of Planning and Investment and Golden Gate GT Ventures, showcased Vietnam’s potential as a tech hub and facilitated connections between local startups and venture capital firms. The event attracted hundreds of local entrepreneurs eager to pitch their ideas and explore opportunities for investment. The overwhelming participation and enthusiasm showcased the optimism and confidence within the Vietnamese tech ecosystem.

Opportunities for startups to connect with venture capital firms

One of the primary objectives of venture summits is to provide startups with access to venture capital firms. These events create a platform for startups to showcase their products, pitch their ideas, and demonstrate their growth potential. By connecting startups with venture capital firms, venture summits facilitate the flow of capital into the economy and provide startups with the necessary resources to scale their operations.

Positive atmosphere and optimism among local entrepreneurs

Venture summits create a positive and optimistic atmosphere within the local tech ecosystem. These events serve as a catalyst for collaboration, knowledge sharing, and networking among entrepreneurs, investors, and industry experts. The interaction and exchange of ideas foster a sense of community and inspire local entrepreneurs to aim high and pursue ambitious goals. The optimism surrounding venture summits reflects the general sentiment that Vietnam’s tech industry is on a promising trajectory.

Vietnams Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions

Significance of Vietnam’s Economic Rise

Vietnam’s economic rise holds significant implications, not just for the country itself but also for the regional and global economy. The growth of Vietnam’s tech industry in the midst of U.S.-China tensions offers both opportunities and challenges in the evolving global landscape.

Comparisons to China’s growth in the past

Vietnam’s economic rise amid U.S.-China tensions draws comparisons to China’s growth in the past. Similar to China, Vietnam has positioned itself as an attractive manufacturing and tech hub by leveraging its competitive advantages. The country’s strategic location, business-friendly policies, and abundant labor force have attracted significant foreign investment, propelling its economic growth. While Vietnam may not reach the same scale as China, its growth trajectory and potential cannot be overlooked.

Potential impact on regional and global economy

Vietnam’s economic rise has the potential to reshape the regional and global economy. As multinational companies diversify their supply chains and move operations to Vietnam, there is a redistribution of economic power within Asia. This shift in economic dynamics will inevitably have ripple effects on trade patterns, investment flows, and regional cooperation. Additionally, Vietnam’s success in the tech industry can inspire other countries in Southeast Asia to invest in their own tech ecosystems, contributing to the overall economic development of the region.

Future prospects for Vietnam’s economic success

The future prospects for Vietnam’s economic success are promising, considering the country’s resilience, potential, and strategic positioning. As tensions between the United States and China persist, Vietnam has the opportunity to further establish itself as a tech hub and attract additional investments. By addressing key challenges and capitalizing on emerging opportunities, Vietnam can continue its upward trajectory and achieve long-term sustainable growth. The success of its tech industry will not only benefit the country but also contribute to the global innovation ecosystem.


Vietnam’s tech industry is experiencing a rapid rise, fueled by various factors including the escalating tensions between the United States and China. The country’s government initiatives, efforts to attract foreign direct investments, and its strategic positioning have all contributed to its emergence as a prominent tech hub. While Vietnam faces challenges such as immature financial markets and restrictions on foreign ownership, it also possesses immense opportunities for growth, including potential high-profile IPOs and a pool of talented entrepreneurs. By capitalizing on these opportunities and overcoming the challenges, Vietnam can pave the way for a promising future for its tech industry amidst U.S.-China tensions. This growth not only holds significance for Vietnam but also has wide-ranging implications for the regional and global economy.

Vietnams Rise as a Tech Hub Amidst U.S.-China Tensions


Pramod Kumar Yadav is from Janakpur Dham, Nepal. He was born on December 23, 1994, and has one elder brother and two elder sisters. He completed his education at various schools and colleges in Nepal and completed a degree in Computer Science Engineering from MITS in Andhra Pradesh, India. Pramod has worked as the owner of RC Educational Foundation Pvt Ltd, a teacher, and an Educational Consultant, and is currently working as an Engineer and Digital Marketer.

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